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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Baden-Württemberg , Land state in southwestern Germany.
Baden-Württemberg is bordered by the states of Rhineland-Palatinate to the northwest, Hessen to the north, and Bavaria to the east and by the countries of Switzerland to the south and France to the west.
Area 13, square miles 35,…. The upland plateau extends approximately miles km from the Black Forest Schwarzwald to the Wörnitz River at an average elevation of about 2, feet m.
The city was founded in by the Counts of Hohenzollern as their new capital city. The Hohenzollern had great land holdings near Strasbourg and in the Alb-Donau-Kreis during this time.
Hechingen was located on an Imperial highway which led from the middle Neckar south by way of Rottweil to the upper Rhine and the Alpine passes. The Counts of Hohenzollern had financial problems and grew steadily weaker.
In , there was a siege, following which Eberhard II, Duke of Württemberg gained feudal rights over the territory.
The Counts of Hohenzollern became his vassals and opened the town and their castle to him. After the town was destroyed by fire in , the Count tried to attract new citizens by granting them rights and privileges.
The town thus became the center of the county. The cost of rebuilding was so great that Friedrich XII of Hohenzollern , known as der Öttinger , sold his entire fortune to Württemberg in Even this was not enough to satisfy his creditors.
The Imperial court in Rottweil condemned him. After he was freed from prison, Friedrich undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. His brother, Eitel Friedrich IV of Hohenzollern , also pledged his allegiance to Württemberg, turning over his inheritance if he did not have an heir.
However, in at age 50, he had a son, Jos Niklaus, and by his death in he had regained half of their land. His son, Count Jos Niklaus of Hohenzollern was able to gain Imperial permission to rebuild the castle, as well as to nullify the agreement with Württemberg.
Thus, the city of Hechingen remained in the hands of the Hohenzollern. As a result, the city remained more provincial, and largely agricultural.
In , the county was divided in three and became the counties of Hohenzollern-Hechingen , Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen , and Hohenzollern-Haigerloch.
The latter was rejoined to Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in Hechingen became the residence of the counts of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.
Their territory, which consisted of Hechingen and 26 villages, did not change substantially until the 19th century.
Many buildings built during his reign are still to be seen today: Luzen , the hospital, and the lower tower, the last remnant of the city defenses.
In , Imperial troops reached Hechingen, and the prince elevated from a count in bore the cost of supporting them.
This burden, along with plundering by the soldiers and several poor harvests, caused great suffering and many deaths in the city. In , the Swedish army attacked, and the following year the entire force entered the city.
The castle remained in the hands of the Hohenzollerns, and the troops marched on to Sigmaringen , which fell into the hands of Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg — in Finally, on 5 July , the city yielded to the Württembergs, and the castle was besieged.
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Hz hechingen -Wir haben allen sechs Kandidaten auf den Zahn gefühlt. Kraftstoffzufuhr bei Unglück vor drei Jahren war unterbrochen. Mitteilungen des Ortsvorstehers bestimmten die Tagesordnung der Salmendinger Ortschaftsratssitzung am Montagabend. Killer Super-Saisonschluss im Peitschenmuseum. Hechingen Jahre alte Blutbuchen sind Geschichte. Lokale in Ebingen sind voll. Es gibt viel Diskussionsbedarf. Jugendliche gerieten sich in die Wolle, der. Glimpflich endete ein gefährlicher Eingriff in den Eisenbahnverkehr bei Hechingen www.nn-online.de Donnerstagabend. Servicepreis Zollern-Alb Zum Thema. Der Zollernalbkreis Wie verändern sich Bevölkerungs- und Altersstruktur in den nächsten 20 Jahren? Möbel-Unternehmensgruppe plant Sprung nach Albstadt. Sie haben noch kein Benutzerkonto bei uns? Mitteilungen des Ortsvorstehers bestimmten die Tagesordnung der Salmendinger Ortschaftsratssitzung am Montagabend. Damit starten Sie topinformiert in den Tag. Classic-Abo Geschenke für Sie! Bisingen Närrischer Wettstreit um Klinikstandort. Leben im Alter Alle wollen alexandra cadantu werden. Hechingen Nachwuchskicker in Topform. Arbeiten liegen im Zeitplan. Beste Spielothek in Schmiedewalde finden Sie diesen bitte für schwarzwaelder-bote. Hechingen Nachwuchskicker in Topform. Hohenzollern - da läuft was Zum Thema. Heiratswillige Paare erhalten in der Domäne jede Menge Anregungen. In Nordstetten spricht sich Nachricht schnell rum. Wiedererrichtung mit viel Eigenleistung gemeistert. Randnotiz Hechinger Werbeträger fürs Balinger Klinikum. Kulinarische Spezialitäten und die gesellige Atmosphäre locken zahlreiche Besucher an. Puzzleteil in Lücke der Bahnstrecke bei Steinhofen. An Ostern oder spätestens Pfingsten sollen in Rangendingen die neuen Klassenzimmer fertig sein. Vorwürfe gegen Türkspor Hausen a. Die Polizei sucht nun Zeugen. Von der Kraft der Entstehung und der Macht des Schöpfergeistes: Oberliga Der gebrauchte Tag. Die Trockenheit erschwert die Suche nach Ölresten.
The main line network of the HzL, which was completed almost a hundred years ago, is still in operation today. Passenger services are operated between Hechingen and Sigmaringen, continuing to Eyach on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays.
The rest of the network was converted to bus operations between and section by section:. The HzL bus services launched in today cover an km route network with hubs in Reutlingen, Horb, Sigmaringen and Riedlingen.
In , the Gammertingen—Kleinengstingen railway was reactivated for excursion trips of the Rad-Wander-Shuttle , running from May to October, supporting cycling tourism.
This line is used by HzL freight traffic and is also served by the Rad-Wander-Shuttle during the summer. In addition, the HzL operates on behalf of the Ringzug the 2.
In the autumn of , the HzL resumed the operation of classic railway passenger services, as distinct from excursion trains In , after an absence of 30 years.
Leisure traffic was operated as the 3-Löwen-Takt Radexpress Eyachtäler in and gradually expanded. Since , it runs on Sundays and public holidays from 1 May to the 3rd Sunday in October.
This involves a railcar shuttling at 2-hour intervals between Eyach and Hechingen Landesbahn timetable route Until , it was operated mainly with a historical MAN Schienenbus railbus , which was replaced from by a modern Regio-Shuttle.
Further trips have been run every year for the Haigerloch Christmas market. The HzL foresees future timetables having a minute interval service to connect with tourist traffic from the metropolitan region of Stuttgart on the Stuttgart—Hattingen railway.
Over the past 20 years, the field of activity of the Hohenzollerischen Landesbahn has significantly expanded.
In freight operations, since , the HzL has taken over the hauling of salt block trains from Stetten b Haigerloch on DB lines to Ulm.
Its passenger operations now operate over a route network of more than kilometres. Since September , it has operated the Ringzug in the Schwarzwald-Baar-Heuberg region; this is an S-Bahn-like transport system connecting Blumberg, Tuttlingen , Rottweil , Villingen-Schwenningen and Donaueschingen , for which the Verkehrsbetrieb Ringzu branch was built with its own management and depot.
The most recent expansion took place on Lake Constance: The railcars and locomotives the HzL are regularly hired out for special trains and work trains throughout Baden-Württemberg and Switzerland.
Wessingen Kollision mit Wildschwein. Mann starb eines gewaltsamen Todes. Horb am Neckar Toter Mann in Nordstetten gefunden.
Bisingen Mutter und Kind in Gefahr gebracht. Balingen Von Balingern für Balinger und in die Welt hinaus.
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Hechingen Jetzt haben die Kunden das Wort. Grosselfingen Fliegende Hunde nehmen jede Hürde. In , the city was again occupied by the Bavarians until Although the Peace of Westphalia was signed in , the troops remained two years longer because the outstanding taxes had not been paid.
The architecture of the city was greatly influenced by the architect Pierre Michel d'Ixnard , who was a predecessor of Classicism in southern Germany.
The first large palace in the city was Friedrichsburg. The construction of a new palace—Neues Schloss—to replace it was started in , but it was never properly finished because of the financial constraints of Prince Frederik.
Neues Schloss is currently the headquarters of the Zollernalb Savings Bank. After the Revolution of , Constantine retired from public life, and his county passed into the control of the Protestant kingdom of Prussia in Hohenzollern-Hechingen was then incorporated into the district of Sigmaringen , which became the capital.
In that same year, Friedrich August Stüler began the restoration of the castle. By , Hechingen had started to industrialize, primarily with Jewish enterprises.
By the city had become one of the most important economic centres in the region, with textiles and machine shops among the major industries.
Much of the architecture of the city was destroyed or damaged during World War II by Nazi attempts to build air raid shelters in public buildings.
The town hall was so damaged that it had to be destroyed. In April , American troops of the Manhattan Project 's Alsos Mission 's Operation Big entered Hechingen in pursuit of men, materiel, and facilities related to the German nuclear energy project.
The city became part of the French occupation zone, and the military governor of the city was Colonel Courtois. The Landkreis became part of Württemberg-Hohenzollern in until the creation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in In , it was incorporated into the Zollernalbkreis , with Balingen as the capital.
The city of Hechingen has been an important economic center for the region for over a century. The city has a big industrial park in the north, which is divided in three areas: Lotzenäcker , Etzental , and Nasswasen.
Three other industrial areas can be found in Hechingen: Reinetal , In den Seelenäckern and Auf der Bins.
The incumbent mayor of Hechingen is Jürgen Weber. He was elected to be mayor until October Former mayors of Hechingen include:. Hechingen is twinned with: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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